Series Vol. 11 , 13 September 2023
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The game between Russia and Ukraine has received a great amount of attention following the escalation of the Russian-Ukrainian war in 2022. Russia and Ukraine have been in conflict and gaming throughout their history. By analyzing the relationship between Russia and Ukraine and a series of game behaviors, we can draw inspiration from the strategies and implications of the game, which are of reference value in many fields. The article shows the historical behavior of the Russian-Ukrainian game analyses the Russian-Ukrainian strategy using a simple game theoretical model and collates the implications of the outcome of the game. Based on the analysis of the Russian-Ukrainian game, the article suggests different recommendations for the countries. Different countries can choose the strategy with higher gains and lower losses according to the different recommendations. This research has important practical significance for the correct understanding of Russia-Ukraine political relations.
Russia, Ukraine, game
1. Shi Qiang, Zhang Jian: On the "Nuclear Legacy" and Nuclear Proliferation Crisis after the Disintegration of the Soviet Union. Northeast Asia Forum, 17(04), 33-38(2008).
2. Han Kedi: National Consciousness and Imperial Thinking: Ukrainian Independence and Russian-Ukrainian Dispute. Russian, Eastern Europe and Central Asia Studies, (06), 42-58+156-157 (2020).
3. Ye Zicheng: The CIS policy and the future of the CIS in Russia, Ukraine and other countries. Modern International Relations, (06): 37-41 (1992).
4. Yang Chuang: The predicament and fate of swinging between the East and the West: An analysis of the diplomatic history of Ukraine's political turmoil. People's Forum · Academic Frontiers, (05), 14-29 (2014).
5. Wang Lanxin: Ukrainian Crisis Research. China Foreign Affairs University, 2022.
6. Zhao Jingfang, Wu Zhiqin, Sun Zhu: Russia-Ukraine Natural Gas Trade Relations and Game. International Economic Cooperation, (10), 74-78 (2015).
7. Liu Fenghua: Ukraine Crisis: Internal Factors, Great Power Game Factors and Prospects. Russian Journal, 4(03), 11-20 (2014).
8. YiCai Homepage. https://www.yicai.com, last accessed 2022/9/14.
9. Zhao Long, Liu Jun, Ding Chun, Xu Mingqi, Shao Yuqun: The Russian-Ukrainian Conflict and the International Political and Economic Game. International Prospects, 14(03), 56-78+158-159 (2022).
10. Xu, M: Some fundamental model from Game Theory. Journal of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, 2, 99–104 (2022).
11. Statista Homepage, https://www.statista.com, last accessed 2022/9/14.
12. Trading Economics Homepage, https://tradingeconomics.com, last accessed 2022/9/14.
13. Global Politics Homepage, https://m.jiemian.com, last accessed 2022/9/14.
14. Global Fire Power Homepage, https://www.globalfirepower.com, last accessed 2022/9/14.
15. Eurostat Homepage, https://ec.europa.eu, last accessed 2022/9/14.
16. Zhang Rui. Great Power Game and Energy Politics: A Review in the Context of Russia-Ukraine Conflict. Oriental Journal, (02), 20-29 (2022).
17. Lysia Solovchuk, https://thepage.ua, last accessed 2022/9/14.
18. Li Jianmin: The Impact and Enlightenment of US and Western Sanctions on Russia's Economy. Eurasian Economy, (04), 1-20+125 (2022).
19. Kommersant Homepage, https://www.kommersant.ru, last accessed 2022/9/14.
20. Monetary policy report: Central Bank of the Russian Federation. 2(38), (2022), last accessed 2022/9/14.
21. The government discussed the parameters of the updated macro forecast. 26.04.2022. https://www.vedomosti.ru, last accessed 2022/9/14.
22. The Central Bank expects that the lowest point of the decline in the GDP of the Russian Federation will be in the Ⅳ quarter of 2022. https://www.interfax.ru/business/838722
23. Ruiz Estrada, Mario Arturo. "How Much Inflation and Unemployment Worldwide Can Generate the Russo-Ukrainian War Crisis?." Available at SSRN 4131388 (2022).
24. PNA HOBOCTN Homepage, https://ria.ru, last accessed 2022/9/14.
25. Operational Data Portal Homepage, https://data.unhcr.org, last accessed 2022/9/14.
26. United Nations Homepage, https://news.un.org/zh/story/2022/07/1105752, last accessed 2022/9/14.
27. Gou Liwu, Zhang Junrong: Research on the Ukrainian Refugee Crisis. Russian Studies, (04), 151-192 (2022).
28. Liang Peng, Li Lelin: Multi-scale dynamic analysis of the development of the conflict situation between Russia and Ukraine from the perspective of night light. Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference on High Resolution Earth Observation., 459-475 (2022).
29. Wu Duoke, Xiao Wanning, Yang Shasha: New Crisis! Ukrainian Granary Burst. Global Times, 11, (2022).
30. Ruiz Estrada, Mario Arturo. "How Much Inflation and Unemployment Worldwide Can Generate the Russo-Ukrainian War Crisis?." Available at SSRN 4131388 (2022).
31. World Bank Homepage, https://www.worldbank.org, last accessed 2022/9/14.
32. Ding Haoyuan, Li Xiao, Li Yi: The Impact of the Russia-Ukraine Conflict on the World Economy and China's Economy and Countermeasures. China Development, 22(03), 66-72 (2022).
33. Xiong Hui: The Logic and Response of the Ukraine Crisis Affecting Global Food Prices. Financial Market Research, (05), 83-87 (2022).
34. OECD," Economic and Social Impacts and Policy Implications of the War in Ukraine", OECD Economic Outlook, Interim Report, March 16, 2022.
35. Wang Zhan, Li Yongquan, Jiang Feng, Yu Yunquan, Xu Mingqi, Feng Shaolei: The Russian-Ukrainian Conflict, Global Political and Economic Transformation and Its Impact on China. Russian Studies, (03), 20-54 (2022).
The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.